Randall intercepted Cincinnati Bengals quarterback Andy Dalton in the second quarter with the Browns leading 21-0.
The 26-year-old Randall raced out of bounds and handed the ball to Hue Jackson, who initially accepted the gift and patted his former player on the helmet before dropping the ball to the ground.
Jackson was fired by the Browns last month after spending two-plus seasons as their coach, posting a 3-36-1 mark. The 53-year-old was hired by the Bengals as a special assistant.
Randall was vocal about the move, posting the following on social media:
“In other words Hue we play the browns twice tell us what you know,” Randall wrote on Twitter.
Randall had vowed on Friday that the Browns would defeat the Bengals if wide receiver A.J. Green didn’t play. Green was ruled inactive for the third straight game with a toe injury.
The Browns (3-6-1) have already won more games than their previous two seasons combined but they will be trying to end more than just a streak of seven straight losses to the Bengals (5-5).
Cleveland, which last beat Cincinnati in November 2014, has dropped 25 consecutive games away from home and a loss Sunday would tie the Browns with the Detroit Lions (2007-10) for the longest road losing streak in NFL history.